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Western Turkey, July 2011. Pamukkale, Hierapolis, has been used as a spa since the second century BC. It literally means "cotton castle" in Turkish. The travertine features have their origins in the shifting of a fault in the valley of the Menderes river. As the fault shifted, very hot springs with a very high mineral content arose at this location. the calcium and hydrogen carbonate react to create calcium carbonate and limestone. This is what gives Pamukkale its whiteness and created the pools. Pamukkale is a UNESCO World heritage Site. The Turkish Aegean coastline is littered with historical sites dating back to the Greek classical era. Photo by Frits Meyst/Adventure4ever.com.
- © Frits Meyst / MeystPhoto.com
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- The Historical Sites And Nature Along The Aegean Coast In Turkey